Periodontal Health

Main Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common dental health problem for people in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control, nearly 42.7 percent of adults older than 30 have some kind of periodontal disease. The disease is typically caused by the inflammation or infection of the bone and gums that support your teeth. In the early stages, it’s known as gingivitis, and in this phase, the gums look swollen or may bleed during brushing and flossing. Later on, the gums start to pull away from the teeth and bone loss can happen.

Causes and Risk Factors

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common dental health problem for people in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control, nearly 42.7 percent of adults older than 30 have some kind of periodontal disease. The disease is typically caused by the inflammation or infection of the bone and gums that support your teeth. In the early stages, it’s known as gingivitis, and in this phase, the gums look swollen or may bleed during brushing and flossing. Later on, the gums start to pull away from the teeth and bone loss can happen.

Periodontal disease is typically the result of poor oral hygiene. However, there are other factors that can increase your chances of developing periodontal disease. Some of these risk factors include:

• Smoking
• Hormonal changes
• Diabetes
• Medications

Other illnesses can also increase your chances of developing periodontal disease. For example, the AIDS virus weakens your immune system, which lowers the ability of your body to fight off the disease.

Warning Signs

There are a number of warning signs that you may be suffering from periodontal disease. Some of these are easier to spot than others. If you think that you’re suffering from periodontal disease, you should contact your dentist right away. The warning signs include:

• Bad taste in your mouth that won’t go away
• Bad breath even after brushing
• Swollen or red gums
• Gums that bleed or are tender to the touch
• Painful feeling in your mouth when chewing
• Loose teeth
• Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
• Sensitive teeth

While these are warning signs of periodontal disease, the presence of these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean that you have it. If you have multiple warning signs, however, you should contact your dentist to rule out the possibility or to start treatment.

Advanced Dental Specialists can provide you with more information about periodontal disease and help you to remedy the problem.