Periodontal Treatments

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Periodontal treatments can be effective in combating periodontal disease. Understanding the different types of treatments can help you make a decision on what’s best for you.

About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a developed form of gum swelling known as gingivitis. The mouth contains bacteria that react with food substances such as starch or sugar to form plaque on teeth. Plaque can be removed by flossing or brushing. However, if the plaque isn’t removed, it hardens and turns into tartar. Tartar provides the perfect environment for bacteria to flourish. The bacteria can agitate the gums below your teeth and make them itchy, causing gingivitis. The condition may worsen if the bacteria spread to the gums and jawbone.

Periodontal Treatments

The following are the different types of periodontal treatments you should consider:

Noninvasive Treatment Options

Non-invasive periodontal treatment can help get rid of tartar. The recommended early treatment for the first stages of periodontal disease is scaling. Scaling can treat infected gums with a dwindling depth of 5 millimeters and below. This process involves the use of ultrasonic equipment or dental tools to scrape off the plaque and tartar on the surface of your teeth and under the gum line including the base of the infected gum pockets.

An alternative treatment option is a root planing procedure. Root planing is often carried out once a dental hygienist or dentist has removed tartar and plaque from your teeth. The rough area left behind after the removal of plaque and tartar is then smoothened to encourage reattachments of infected gums and removal of bacteria.

Medication

One of the best ways to contain bacterial infections is by using medication. Your periodontist will ask you to use some medications during and after non-surgical periodontal treatment. The periodontist will administer an enzyme suppressant with a low amount of doxycycline during scaling and root planning. This helps keep the body’s enzyme response in check to prevent it from harming gum tissues during the treatment process.

Gum infections can be painful and may make it difficult for you to chew food. Burke Jardine, DMD at Excel Dental specializes in periodontal treatments in Vancouver, WA. Call today to schedule an appointment.

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